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Original article

Disorders of Simple Binocular Vision in Heterophoria and their Spectacle Correction

  This study deals with evaluation of binocular vision in group of young subjects without eye pathology. We examined at whole 68 subjects with average age 26 years, median 24 years. The sample was divided into two main groups. Group A contains subjects with far and near ortophoria (at whole 26 subjects = 38 %). Group B contains subjects with binocular vision disorder (at whole 42 subjects). One subject had strabismus. The most frequent non-strabismus disorder of binocular vision was convergence insufficiency (13 subjects = 19 %), simple esophoria (12 subjects = 17 %) and simple exophoria (8 subjects = 12 %).
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 6/2016
Published on website: 09. 03. 2017

Original article

Difficult Diagnosis of Non-Strabismic Binocular and Accommodative Disorders

  The aim of the paper is to inform about the current approach to the diagnosis of non-strabismic binocular and accommodative disorders. A large number of studies quote high occurrence of them in both clinical and nonclinical populations. They also point out the presence of a diagnosis deficiency or insufficient diagnosis within the optometric and ophthalmological practice. The representation in population depends not only on race and age, but also on the methodology of diagnostic tests, and the chosen diagnostic criteria in particular.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 6/2016
Published on website: 09. 03. 2017

Original article

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy as a Masquerading Syndrome of Choroidal Hemangioma

Introduction: The finding of the neuroretinal ablation in fovea centralis area on Optic Coherence Tomography (OCT) examination in young men is a typical finding for central serous choroidoretinopathy. This finding may masquerade the presence of the choroidal hemangioma. Case report: The author presents case reports of two young men, in which, according to the finding of neuroretinal ablation on OCT, the diagnosis of central serous choroidoretinopathy was established. Using following examinations, especially fluorescence angiography, the correct diagnosis of choroidal hemangioma was set.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 6/2016
Published on website: 09. 03. 2017

Original article

Amniotic Membrane Applications - Our Experience

Introduction: Amniotic membrane is the innermost part of the fetal and packaging for its exceptional qualities likes to be used in treating many ocular pathologies. Amniotic membrane has improved the ability to treat ocular surface disease. It has unique features like support conjunctival and corneal epithelialization. Material and methods: Retrospective analysis of group patients who underwent amniotic membrane transplantation at the Department of Ophthalmology Faculty of Medicine and UN Bratislava in 2013–2015.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 6/2016
Published on website: 09. 03. 2017

Original article

“Ganglion Cells Complex” and the Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer in Hypertensive and Normotensive Glaucomas.

Aim: To determine, if in the group of hypertensive (HTG) and normal-tension glaucomas exists correlation among ganglion cell complex (GCC) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in the same altitudinal half of the retina and sum of sensitivities of the visual field’s opposite half (hemifield test) of the same eye. Materials and methods: In the HTG group, there were 25 patients; thereof 12 women of the average age 53.23 years (range, 34 – 69 years) and 13 men of the average age 60.38 years (37 – 74 years).
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 6/2016
Published on website: 09. 03. 2017

Casuistry

Iris Melanoma in a Child

  Iris melanomas are very rare in children. The paper presents the case of a 12-year-old boy with iris melanoma of spindle-cell type A and pre-operatively associated with uncontrolled secondary glaucoma. Tumour resection was complicated by lens extraction and consecutive PC IOL implantation. Antiglaucomatous surgery was performed due to the persistently elevated intraocular pressure. Currently, the intraocular pressure is within the normal range and the patient has no signs of the presence of tumour cells or metastases.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 5/2016
Published on website: 09. 03. 2017

Original article

Blepharophimosis-Ptosis-Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome

Purpose: To report the ocular phenotype of blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES). Methods: Ophthalmological examination of a 36 year-old proband and detailed family history evaluation, including assessment of available facial photographs of affected relatives, was performed. Results: There were four affected males and one female in three generations. The proband underwent two surgical eyelid procedures in childhood. Upon our examination, he had symmetrical ptosis with shorter eye lids, and incomplete medial canthal closure.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 5/2016
Published on website: 09. 03. 2017

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