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Original article

Magnetic Resonance Strength 1.5T – Possibilities for Optic nerve Imaging

  Due to the increased availability of MRI, this modality is the first choice for patients with a suspected pathology of the optic nerve, chiasm and optic tracts. Magnetic resonance imaging allows to evaluate the optic nerve itself as well as the gain or atrophy, its focal changes; it also allows detailed views of the surrounding structures such as vagina of the optic nerve and the mutual ratio between the full thickness of the nerve and the vagina, and the nerve itself. MR method uses a tissue contrast of an adipose tissue structures to a detailed imaging of the orbit.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 1/2017
Published on website: 10. 09. 2017

Original article

Tattoo-Associated Uveitis

  The clinical case of tattoo-associated uveitis was first described by Lubeck and Epstein in 1952. Uveitis is accompanied by induration and hyperemia of tattoo skin, which can precede, follow or manifest simultaneously with uveitis. The diagnosis is determined on clinical grounds after exclusion of other causes. Uveitis is usually bilateral, chronic and vision impairment is variable. Tattoo-associated uveitis should be remembered in differential diagnosis due to the growing interest in tattoo.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 1/2017
Published on website: 10. 09. 2017

Original article

Bilateral Congenital Multiple Pigment Vitreous Cyst in a Three-Year-Old Girl: Ten Year Observation

  The authors present a case report of a three-year-old female patient with bilateral multiple anterior vitreous cysts. During examination for intermittent esotropia of the right eye was diagnosed not only hypermetropia, astigmatism and anisometropia, but also pigmented changes in peripheral retrolental space of both eyes. Clinical examination under general anaesthesia revealed bilateral multiple pigmented immobile vitreous cysts. There were five almost spherical, translucent, but slightly pigmented cysts on its cover on the right eye and four similar on the left, but visible only with dilated pupils.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 1/2017
Published on website: 10. 09. 2017

Original article

Optical Characteristics of Myopic Corrections by Orthokeratological Contact Lenses (Case Study)

Introduction: Orthokeratology lenses present a special type of hard contact lenses, which is used especially for myopic correction. The lenses are applied during the night, when thanks to their special shape cause temporally (reversible) change of the cornea shape. During the day, there is not necessary to wear any other refractive correction. Due to the wearing regimen, there is, comparing to the classical contact lenses, higher risk of health complications. For their safe use, it is necessary to pay attention to the application of lenses of adequate parameters, follow up the care and hygiene precautions, regular controls and early treatment of possible problems.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 1/2017
Published on website: 10. 09. 2017

Original article

Hybrid Monovision

Aim: To evaluate our own results of the use of hybrid monovision technique, in patients after bilateral cataract surgery, where in the dominant eye the monofocal intraocular lens is implanted and in the non-dominant eye the multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted. Material and methods: Prospective follow-up of group of 33 patients with bilateral cataract surgery and induced hybrid monovision. In the dominant eye, the hydrophilic monofocal aspheric intraocular lens Auroflex (Aurolab) was implanted, and in the non-dominant eye the hydrophilic multifocal aspheric intraocular lens Seelens (Hanita) was implanted.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 1/2017
Published on website: 10. 09. 2017

Original article

Clinical Results of Implantation of Two Types of Multifocal Rotationally - Asymmetric Intraocular Lenses

Purpose: The aim of the study was evaluation and comparison of clinical results of two types of rotationally asymmetric multifocal intraocular lens (LENTIS Mplus and LENTIS MplusX).Material and methods: The study included 247 eyes of 124 patients aged 25 - 76 years (mean, 58 years). After phacoemulsification multifocal intraocular lens LENTIS Mplus (group A, n = 141) or LENTIS MplusX (group B, n = 106) was implanted. Patients were divided into two groups according to the type of intraocular lens.
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 1/2017
Published on website: 10. 09. 2017

Original article

Disorders of Simple Binocular Vision in Heterophoria and their Spectacle Correction

  This study deals with evaluation of binocular vision in group of young subjects without eye pathology. We examined at whole 68 subjects with average age 26 years, median 24 years. The sample was divided into two main groups. Group A contains subjects with far and near ortophoria (at whole 26 subjects = 38 %). Group B contains subjects with binocular vision disorder (at whole 42 subjects). One subject had strabismus. The most frequent non-strabismus disorder of binocular vision was convergence insufficiency (13 subjects = 19 %), simple esophoria (12 subjects = 17 %) and simple exophoria (8 subjects = 12 %).
>>>Read more ...Published in Czech and Slovak Ophthalmology: 6/2016
Published on website: 09. 03. 2017

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