Issue 2018 - 1

Original article

Merkel cell carcinoma of the eyelid and orbit

Summary

The incidence of Merkel cell carcinoma has tended to increase worldwide in recent years. Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare tumor of the skin that occurs mainly in the sun exposed sites. The malignant reversal of Merkel cells is currently associated with an infection caused by a Merkel cell polyomavirals. In some cases, the disease may have a relatively inconspicuous clinical picture in the initial phase, which is in contrast to its extensive microscopic propagation. For this reason, the risk of late diagnosis or insufficient primary surgery is increased. The diagnostic standard is histological and, in particular, immunohistochemical examination of tumor tissue samples. Merkel cell carcinoma is a marked tendency to local recurrence and early development of metastases in regional lymph nodes, followed by generalization. The basis of treatment is radical excision of the tumor by in most cases by adjuvant radiotherapy targeted at primary place of occurrence and the area of regional draining lymph nodes. The effectiveness of different chemotherapeutic protocols in Merkel cell carcinoma is mostly low and the median survival is low. From a prognostic point of view, Merkel cell carcinoma plays the most important role of staging the tumor at the time of capture. The suspected lesions in the area around the eye, eyelid and orbit need to indicate adequate therapeutic approach that the detection of the disease at the earliest stage. The authors describe the clinical experience in 2 patients with Merkel cell carcinoma of the eyelid and orbit.

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